Good News in History, December 29

222 years ago today, Charles Goodyear, who first patented vulcanized rubber, was born in Connecticut. Despite the obvious hint of his surname, the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company was not founded by Charles Goodyear, however it was named after him. He discovered the process of creating durable, waterproof, maleable rubber by heating it intensely. READ more… (1800)

From 1834 through 1839, Goodyear worked anywhere he could find investors, and often moved locations, mostly within New York, Massachusetts, Philadelphia, and Connecticut. In 1839, Goodyear was at the Eagle India Rubber Company in Woburn, Massachusetts, where he discovered that combining rubber and sulfur over a hot stove caused the rubber to become rigid, a process which he called vulcanization because of the heat involved.

Later perfecting this technique and received US patent number 3633. In 1976 he was inducted posthumously into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

MORE Good News on this Date:

Comedic actress Mary Tyler Moore was born in Brooklyn, New York (1936)
Gender discrimination was outlawed in the UK under The Sex Discrimination and Equal Pay Acts which guaranteed a woman’s right to equal pay and status in the workplace and in society by making it illegal to discriminate against women in work, education and training (1975)
Guatemala and leaders of the National Revolutionary Union signed a peace accord ending a 36-year civil war (1996)
The New England Patriots became the first NFL team in 35 years to finish the regular season undefeated winning 16 games in a row (2007)
The first gay couples were married by the state of Maine, after 53 percent of voters in November supported the initiative – photo, Steven Bridges and Michael Snell were the first couple married in Portland at midnight (2012)

92 years ago today, Fred P. Newton became the first person to swim the length of the mighty Mississippi River.

The 1826-mile swim broke a record for the longest ever. It took him about six months to finish his journey from Ford Dam, near Minneapolis, Minnesota, to New Orleans.

The Depression-era salesman from Clinton, Oklahoma, was in the water for 742 hours and protected his body from the cold by a layer of axle grease. (1930)

56 years ago, Paul McCartney began studio work on his new song ‘Penny Lane’. Named for the street near Lennon’s house in The Beatles’ hometown of Liverpool, McCartney and Lennon would regularly meet at the Penny Lane junction to catch a bus into the center of the city. (1966)

And, 85 years ago today, Ireland was born when it adopted its own Constitution, 15 years after the Irish War of Independence and its treaty-induced interim government was established. The document committed Ireland to democratic ideals that enshrined the people as masters. It also provided the right for every child to have a free primary education provided by the State. (1937)

33 years ago today, Václav Havel, a writer and former dissident, became President of Czechoslovakia, the first non-Communist leader in more than four decades.

Tapestry emblazoned with ‘Havel Forever’ unveiled in Prague in 2014 to celebrate the revolution’s 25th anniversary – by David Sedlecký, CC license

His political activities brought him under the surveillance of the secret police and he spent multiple stints in prison, the longest being nearly four years, but his Civic Forum party played a major role in the non-violent Velvet Revolution that toppled communism in his country. The Czech author known for his plays, essays, and memoirs served until 2003 as president of the new Czech Republic.

Upon his death in 2011 at age 75, former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, a native of Czechoslovakia, said, “He was one of the great figures of the 20th Century.” (1989)

Photo by Oogstweg, GNU license

And, on this day in 1993, the world’s tallest outdoor bronze statue of the seated Buddha was completed in Hong Kong. Located near Po Lin Monastery and symbolizing the harmonious relationship between man and nature, the Tian Tan Buddha, is a major center of Buddhism and a popular tourist attraction in Hong Kong.

The 112-foot-tall statue (34m) took 3 years to complete and was finished on the 29th, the day the Chinese recognize as the day of the Buddha’s enlightenment. SEE how big it looks in a video below.

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